City of Crakow

krakowCracow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland, dates back to the 7th century. It is situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region. In 2012 the city had a population of approximately 758 334.

Cracow has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland’s most important economic hubs. It is home to Jagellonian University, one of the oldest universities in the world and traditionally Poland’s most reputable institution of higher learning.

Cracow is cited as one of Europe’s most beautiful cities and most often visited place in Poland.


In the year 2000, Cracow was named European Capital of Culture and it has been also approved as a UNESCO’s City of Literature.

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Interesting places in Cracow: 

  • The Main Square

The Main Square of the Old Town is the principal urban space located at the center of the city. It dates back to the 13th century, and is the largest medieval town square in Europe.

The Main Square is a rectangular space surrounded by historic townhouses, palaces and churches. The center of the square is dominated by the Cloth Hall, served as the main seat of the National Museum in Cracow for many years. On one side of the Cloth Hall is the Town Hall Tower and on the other the Archipresbyter’s Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (commonly called St. Mary’s Basilica), which is one of the most well-known buildings in Cracow.

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  •  The Wawel Royal Castle

The Wawel Royal Castle and the Wawel Hill constitute the most historically and culturally important site in Poland. For centuries the residence of the kings of Poland and the symbol of Polish statehood, the Castle is now one of the country’s premier art museums. This is the best preserved castle in Poland.

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  •   The Historical Museum of the City of Cracow

The Historical Museum is made up of 14 divisions scatered around the city, including its main branch at Krzysztofory Palace as well as Old Synagogue, Schindler’s Factory, Under the Eagle Pharmacy, Pomorska street Gestapo prison, Hipolit Manor, Town Hall Tower, Barbakan, Defensive Walls, Celestat, Muzeum of Nowa Huta, Zwierzyniecki Manor, Under the Cross Manor, and the Main Market Square tunnels.

The divisions preserve and display artifacts of the history of the city, the history of Jews, the history of the theatre and many others.

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  •   The MOCAK

Museum of Contemporary Art in Cracow (MOCAK) offers international art, education as well as research and publication projects. MOCAK’s two most important aims are presenting the art of the two last decades in the context of the post-war avant-garde and conceptual art as well as explaining the sense of creating art by highlighting its cognitive and ethical value and its relationship with everyday reality. The institution considers it an important challenge to reduce prejudice against modern art.

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  •  The Stanislaw Lem Garden of Experiences

In 2005, the city of Cracow emerged the concept of creating space presenting educational installations in green part of the city. And that how Stanislaw Lem Garden of Experiences was formed. It’s a proposition which approximates the laws of physics by exposure in the form of an interactive educational park. The park is open from April to the end of October, at other times, visit of the facility is possible prior to advance fixing of the term.

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  •  The Kazimierz District

Kazimierz was once a separate town created in the fourteenth century by Casimir the Great. The history of the city bound the district of Cracow with the presence of a Jewish ghetto and the Jewish population.

While walking along the charming streets of Kazimierz you could find synagogues or Jewish cemeteries. Today Kazimierz district is famous for its private art galleries, climate bars and cafes.

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