The Polish Jurassic Highland

JuraThe Cracow-Częstochowa Upland (also known as the Polish Jurassic Highland) is 80-kilometre strip of heights between Cracow and Częstochowa. Combination of prehistory, history and the present. In the past Jura was defended by countless castles whose picturesque ruins – “Eagles Nests” – now are symbols of the region.

The Jurassic rocks and numerous caves are places where the most successful Polish climbers and cavers began their career. Due to fantastic shape of the terrain Jura is also a great place for mountain biking, horseback rides and cross-country skiing.


Although the area is very popular among rock-climbers from Poland and the neighbouring countries, the Jurassic limestone rocks still abound with enjoyable and as yet not over-explored routes.

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Interesting places in Polish Jurassic Highland

  • The Eagles’ Nests Trail

The Trail of the Eagles’ Nests  is a 169 km (105 mi) tourists route which starts in Cracow and ends in Częstochowa. It appears as the number one position in the national register of hiking trails. It merits this position because of the beauty of the terrain and the presence of numerous rock formations, caves and historic monuments.

This trail includes the ruins of old castles and fortresses from the 14th century in Korzkiew, Ojców, PieskowaSkała, Rabsztyn, Bydlin, Smoleń, Pilica, Ogrodzieniec, Morsko, Bobolice, Mirów and Olsztyn. It is called the Eagles’ Nests due to their location on cliffs up to 30 metres in height.

  • Ojców National Park

Ojców National Park is the smallest national park in Poland located in a short distance from Cracow city borders. It used to be called “Polish Switzerland”. Although small in size, it charms with its landscape – especially the iconic Cudgel of Hercules by the castle in Pieskowa Skała. Geological structure and later karst processes led to development of numerous caves which had been inhabited by people from time immemorial.

An interesting attraction is a chapel on water. Its construction is related to the order of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II. The Tsar prohibited construction of religious buildings on Ojców land. The constructors of the chapel circumvented the Tsar’s prohibition and built the chapel on water.

In the park area, there are five hiking trails, three bicycle routes and educational trails.

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  • The Błędowska Desert

The Błędowska Desert is an area of sands between Błędów (part of Dąbrowa Górnicza in Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union) and the village of Chechło and Klucze.

It is the largest (in Central Europe) accumulation of loose sand away from any sea, deposited thousands of years ago by a melting glacier. This desert occupies an area of 32 km2 (12 sq mi).